How do nursing students and nurse faculty contribute to incivility in nursing education?What are some of the causes of incivility in nursing education?
What remedies might be effective in preventing or reducing incivility?
They gathered responses from the Incivility in Nursing Education Survey (INE) which included both Likert-scale and open-ended questions from 36 nursing faculty and 168 nursing students. Each of the researchers reviewed all comments and organized them by themes.
For this PSY-850 class you will design a ?mock? replication of the Clark and Springer (2007) study on student and faculty perceptions of incivility in a university nursing program. However the doctoral students will investigate student and faculty perceptions in undergraduate psychology classes in one university located in the northern United States.
You will use the Incivility in Higher Education (IHE) survey developed by Clark (2007; 2011) for the purposes of this study. Questions on the survey measure faculty and student perceptions of uncivil actions (disruptive and threatening) how often those behaviors occur and strategies for improving civil behaviors in university settings. The IHE was adapted from the INE with minor rewording is similar in structure to the survey used by Clark and Springer but is appropriate for any academic discipline within higher education (Wagner 2014).
The IHE has three parts. Part 1 collects demographic information such as major gender age and years of teaching experience for faculty. Part 2 asks individuals to rank 16 different behaviors exhibited by students that both students and faculty may perceive as disruptive. Part 3 focuses on 20 faculty behaviors that may be perceived as disruptive. Both parts 2 and 3 also investigate how often the faculty has experienced the behavior in the past 12 months (often to never on Likert scale) and if the faculty members have experienced any of the 13 threatening behaviors (yes or no) by students or other faculty respectively. Five open-ended questions give the faculty member the opportunity to add contributing factors related to student and faculty incivility and how students or faculty in particular contribute to incivility. A final question asked if the faculty member would like to add comments. The survey is designed in a manner that allows for gathering data from faculty and students or from only faculty or only students (C. Clark personal communication 2013 as cited in Wagner 2014).
Week 2 Assignment: (Read the following article and construct a 10 key points document.)
GCU doctoral learners use the 10 Key Strategic Points document to outline the key components of a research study. For the Week 2 assignment you will use the original Clark and Springer (2007) to identify and construct a 10 key points document in preparation for the mock study on incivility in psychology classes.
Read Clark C. M. & Springer P. J. (2007). Thoughts on incivility: Student and faculty perceptions of uncivil behavior. Nursing Education Perspectives 28(2) 93-97. Retrieved from https://lopes.idm.oclc.org/login?url=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=a9h&AN=24776207&site=ehost-live&scope=site
As you read highlight information that relates to the 10 key points such as the purpose problem sample research question etc.
After reading and highlighting the components of the article complete the 10 key points table based on the Clark and Springer (2007) study in nursing education. Ten Strategic Points Comments or Feedback
Broad Topic Area
Problem Statement ?This study was conducted using quantitative and qualitative methodologies to investigate the problem of incivility in nursing education in a university environment from both student and faculty perspectives? (Clark and Springer 2007 p. 94).
Rewrite this in ?GCU? format.
Sample Sample: identify the sample from the Clark and Springer study.Describe Phenomena (Qualitative)
Methodology and Design
Purpose Statement ?Its purpose was to consider possible causes of incivility and to recommend potential remedies? (Clark and Springer 2007 p.94).
Rewrite this purpose statement based on ?GCU? format.
Data Collection Instruments and Approach Describe instruments used for the Clark and Springer study.
Describe the data collection approach used in the Clark and Springer study along with informed consent procedures.
Data Analysis Approach Discuss the data analysis approach used in the Clark and Springer study.
Week 5 Assignment: In Week 2 you constructed a 10 key points document based on the Clark and Springer (2007) study conducted on incivility in nursing education. In preparation for the mock replication study to be completed by participants in undergraduate psychology classes you now must construct a 10 key points document for your own study. This must meet GCU criteria in terms of problem purpose and research question format. This would be a descriptive case study at GCU.
Review the 10 key points constructed in Week 2 and the Clark and Springer (2007) study. Additionally review the feedback provided by the instructor.
Use the following template to develop 10 key points for your replication study in an undergraduate psychology program. Be sure to use resources in the DC network>Research/Dissertation tab> Prospectus templates to review the criteria for the purpose problem research questions and other key points.
Use the prompts and suggestions contained in the template to guide your work.
Ten Strategic Points Comments or Feedback
Broad Topic Area Incivility in psychology undergraduate education programs
Lit Review Include citations from studies on incivility in psychology education
Problem Statement Write a problem for the psychology study in the GCU required format.
Research Questions Now frame questions for the study you will design for a target population of undergraduate psychology programs.
Sample Describe the sampling strategy you could use for a like study in an undergraduate psychology program. Define and justify the sampling strategy from a research source. Justify the sample size for a qualitative study from a research source and from the GCU Core Design Document.
Describe the Phenomenon
Methodology and Design Describe the method and design you would use and justify your choice of both from a research source.
Purpose Statement Develop a purpose statement for a psychology undergraduate program in the required GCU format.
Data Collection Instruments and Approach Describe the IHE instrument to be used in this study.
Describe the data collection approach you would use including getting informed consent and how you would protect the confidentiality of participants.
Data Analysis Approach Discuss a specific data analysis strategy you would use in your replication study in an undergraduate psychology program. Cite a specific researcher?s strategy such as Hatch Miles and Huberman Bogden and Biklin or Saldana.
Week 7 Assignment
You will analyze four transcribed interviews by inductively coding the data and developing themes. This will be a miniature version of what coding a large study would be like.
Perform the following tasks to conduct the analysis:
Code the data: To analyze the data you must first identify categories or themes that appear in the data. To accomplish this do the following:
Read the transcript of each participant?s responses and identify words that strike you as important. Mark the words in some fashion (highlight circle bold underline).
When you recognize words or phrases that appear frequently make note of them. That is circle or highlight them in the text.
After reading all participants? responses review the words/phrases you marked or wrote down and identify a short list of useful codes. See Table 1 below.
Collapse these codes into four or five categories or themes and name them. See Table 1 column 2 below.
List the categories or themes and substantiate them with quotations from the online focus group participant transcripts. See Tables 2 and 3 below. You could put all of these in one table or you could use a table for each theme and provide several examples of quotes in the right-hand column for that theme.
Present your results in a table (below) formatted according to the APA guidelines found in the ?APA Style Guide? located in the Student Success Center.
Identify your coding process in an appendix (an example is included in the Appendix below).
Task 1: Code the transcript as described above and color code the transcript using a color for each key code. Do this in Word.
Task 2: Create a codebook.
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