How the Columbian Exchange impacted American History?The Columbian Exchange is the exchange of various commodities and ideas that took place between the New World and the Old World.

How the Columbian Exchange impacted American History?The Columbian Exchange is the exchange of various commodities and ideas that took place between the New World and the Old World.
How the Columbian Exchange impacted American History

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How the Columbian Exchange impacted American History
The Columbian Exchange is the exchange of various commodities and ideas that took place between the New World and the Old World. It was initiated following the voyage of Christopher Columbus to the Americas in 1942 . His arrival allowed the exchange of the animals, plants, ideas, and bacterial life between the Old World and the New World. The Columbian Exchange resulted in histrionic and long-term effects on the people and history of the world. It introduced new experiences in terms of weeds, pests, diseases, animals, and pets into the American population. The Americans had no experience with the new diseases, and the impact was devastating. Columbian Exchange also introduced new food and fibre crops to the American population, which lacked previous understanding of them. It had both negative and positive effects to the American population. This paper explores how the import of foreign foods, animals, and diseases had an impact on Native Americans and the American history. It will examine the positive and negative effects of the Columbian Exchange to the Native Americans.
Introduction of New Diseases
One of the most dramatic and devastating effects of the Columbian Exchange to the Native Americans was the introduction of new diseases. Before the Columbian Exchange, the Native Americans had little experience with domestic animals. The introduction of domestic animals into the American population resulted in new and devastating diseases including smallpox, malaria, and measles . Most of these animals originated from Asia and Africa, where domestication of animals was common. These infectious diseases had plagued the Afro-Eurasia populations for a long time, and people there had formed some resistance to them. The American population lacked such resistance, and millions of them perished between 1492 and 1650. This is considered one of the most demographic disasters of human history, as the diseases killed over 90 percent Native Americans . This devastating effect changed the history of America.
The diseases greatly decreased the American Population, which resulted in a huge ecological and economic imbalance. Forests started expanding, and the previously hunted wild animals increased in number. The decline in population also led to sudden labor shortage throughout America, and its economy was affected. The shortage of labour prompted the Americans to seek labour force from Africa through the slave trade. The slave trade also brought devastating diseases which caused more deaths to the Native Americans.
Introduction of New Crops and Animals
The Native Americans were affected by new crops and animals, which were brought by the Columbian Exchange. The new crops and animals altered America’s social and economic balance. The objective of Columbus was to develop a new field of plenty for the benefit of the American population. Various food crops, such as wheat, barley, and rye, were introduced by him and his followers . These were not the only crops that were introduced in the Americas. New Mediterranean plantation crops were transported all the way from the South and Southeast Asia into the Americas. Initially, the crops did not perform as it was expected, and most of them fared poorly. However, they slowly adapted to the conditions in the Americas, and they eventually started to flourish .


 

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The post How the Columbian Exchange impacted American History?The Columbian Exchange is the exchange of various commodities and ideas that took place between the New World and the Old World. appeared first on Term Paper Tutors.

The post How the Columbian Exchange impacted American History?The Columbian Exchange is the exchange of various commodities and ideas that took place between the New World and the Old World. first appeared on Term Paper Tutors.

 

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