The Child Abuse Prevention and Treatment Act (Public Law 100-294) defines child abuse and neglect as the physical or mental injury, sexual abuse or exploitation, negligent treatment, or maltreatment

The Child Abuse Prevention and Treatment Act (Public Law 100-294) defines child abuse and neglect as the physical or mental injury, sexual abuse or exploitation, negligent treatment, or maltreatment

The Child Abuse Prevention and Treatment Act (Public Law 100-294) defines child abuse and neglect as the physical or mental injury, sexual abuse or exploitation, negligent treatment, or maltreatment: of a child (a person under the age of 18, unless the child protection law of the State in which the child resides specifies a younger age for cases not involving sexual abuse) by a person (including any employee of a residential facility or any staff person providing out-of-home care) who is responsible for the child’s welfare under circumstances which indicate that the child’s health or welfare is harmed or threatened thereby.

According to The National Center on Child Abuse and Neglect, 14.4% of all men in the united states prison were abused as children and 36.7% of all women in the united states prison were abused as children. National statistics also indicate that 1500 children die each year from abuse related cases, which translates to about four (4) children dying everyday. Moreover, statistics show that neglected or abused children have a 59% chance of being arrested as a juvenile. The above statistics are a clear indication that child abuse is rampant and though the data is from the US, it is believed to be at its worst in Africa where it has been reported and documented where girls as young as twelve (12) years are undergoing forceful marriage.

These concerns derive in part from the frequently noted multigenerational nature of identified clinical cases of child abuse: the parents of abused children are often themselves perceived to have been abused and neglected in childhood (Steele and Pollock, A psychiatric study of parents who abuse infants and small children). In adulthood, the parents may have more frequent drug and alcohol abuse, criminal behavior, and psychiatric disturbance (Smith, Parents of battered children), leading to worry about what the fate of their offspring will be.

An abused child is an innocent and inexperienced victim who in most cases does not understand what has happened to him/her. In later years during maturity, he would then begin to grasp the magnitude to which atrocities were done to them and in the ensuing confusion, behavioral change would manifests itself in the shape of violence and frustration. Additionally, when these victims enter the phase of adolescence and realize what happened to them in the past, they feel insult and humiliation. Reports indicate that many of the suicide attempts undertaken by school and college students are found out to be victims of this crime in their childhood. There are different types of child abuse, such as: physical abuse, neglect abuse, and sexual abuse, which is very common these days.

Child abuse takes on many forms and mannerisms; physical abuse, emotional abuse, neglect, female circumcisions, child labor or sexual abuse. All the listed forms of abuse have adverse effects on the child and may cause harm to the child either mentally, physically or psychologically and in some extreme cases may follow the child up to their adulthood making living even harder or making him/her a social delinquent. Further, left unchecked or untreated, the child may develop a sense of introversion that would cause him/her problems when interrelating with others in the society. Statistics on cases and types of child abuse rise and fall each day but they will never be completely gone, for that would be almost impossible.

During my research, I found that there is a direct link between crime and child abuse. Citing one example, the media noted that John Muhammad, the Washington sniper, was “regularly and severely beaten as a child by several relatives, including an uncle who beat another child to death…” (CNN, February 10,2004). Hard concrete evidence linking child abuse to crime is minimal; hence there is a lot of criticism surrounding the extent to which a “cycle of violence” has been substantiated in the literature (Widom, 1989a).

There are numerous amounts of research material, mediums and data with regard to this topic. The mode of retrieval of these data is what is referred to as the methodology and may be in the forms of sampling, use of questionnaires, interviews, research from books and electronic media etc. For the production of this research paper, the main source of research data was the internet which has access to a wide ranging resource database for online books, web pages, e-books, magazines and journals. Focus on the research material that I deemed relevant was not centered only on criminality and its link to child abuse but was also inclusive of the researches on other forms of abuse such as domestic violence, gender inequalities, poverty and cultural beliefs and practices.

A link has been seen to exist between engagement in crime and the abuse of children. The states and local governments have done their fare share of trying to curb child abuse by enacting laws defining child abuse and maltreatment, determining when outside intervention is required, and establishing administrative and judicial structures to deal with maltreatment when it is identified. This is however inadequate as it has been noted that the root cause of abuse is the socioeconomic status of a population and thus the population has the primary purpose of trying to change their mannerisms and consider children as the future and should be modeled with this in mind.

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The post The Child Abuse Prevention and Treatment Act (Public Law 100-294) defines child abuse and neglect as the physical or mental injury, sexual abuse or exploitation, negligent treatment, or maltreatment appeared first on Term Paper Tutors.

The post The Child Abuse Prevention and Treatment Act (Public Law 100-294) defines child abuse and neglect as the physical or mental injury, sexual abuse or exploitation, negligent treatment, or maltreatment first appeared on Term Paper Tutors.

 

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